Psalm 83 is a chapter that many people believe is prophetic and a chapter whose events will be among the next prophecy events to be fulfilled. I will present my current position on Psalm 83 in this article, including where I think the timing of its fulfillment will occur and how it may be related to the events of Ezekiel 39 and the end time siege of Jerusalem.

Psalm 83 Overview

Psalm 83 describes a future attack against the people of Israel involving several participants. Psalm 83:6-8 names the participants of this attack.

(1) A Song or Psalm of Asaph. Keep not thou silence, O God: hold not thy peace, and be not still, O God. (2) For, lo, thine enemies make a tumult: and they that hate thee have lifted up the head. (3) They have taken crafty counsel against thy people, and consulted against thy hidden ones. (4) They have said, Come, and let us cut them off from being a nation; that the name of Israel may be no more in remembrance. (5) For they have consulted together with one consent: they are confederate against thee: (6) The tabernacles of Edom, and the Ishmaelites; of Moab, and the Hagarenes; (7) Gebal, and Ammon, and Amalek; the Philistines with the inhabitants of Tyre; (8) Assur also is joined with them: they have holpen the children of Lot. Selah.” (Psalm 83:1-8)

The following table summarizes the likely modern day location of the participants who will be involved in the events of Psalm 83.

Identifying the Psalm 83 Participants

ParticipantModern Location
AmalekSinai
Edom, Ammon, MoabJordan
HagarenesJordan*
Gebal & TyreLebanon
AsshurMainly Northern Iraq **
PhilistinesGaza Strip
IshmaelitesSaudi Arabia
* See 1 Chronicles 5:10 for evidence that the Hagarites are linked to Jordan
** May or may not include small parts of Syria and Turkey

 

As I stated in a previous article about Psalm 83, I believe the “hidden ones” mentioned in Psalm 83:3 refers to a remnant of Israel that will be hiding in the wilderness to avoid the Antichrist’s persecution (Revelation 12:6, 14-16). The statement “come, and let us cut them off from being a nation; that the name of Israel may be no more in remembrance” in verse 4 indicates that the objective is to eliminate the people of Israel not just in hiding but also those who have not sought refuge.

Verses 9-18 contain a plea for the Lord to arise to punish the attackers who threaten the existence of the people of Israel. The following passage is the ending portion of this plea:

(13) O my God, make them like a wheel; as the stubble before the wind. (14) As the fire burneth a wood, and as the flame setteth the mountains on fire; (15) So persecute them with thy tempest, and make them afraid with thy storm. (16) Fill their faces with shame; that they may seek thy name, O LORD. (17) Let them be confounded and troubled for ever; yea, let them be put to shame, and perish: (18) That men may know that thou, whose name alone is JEHOVAH, art the most high over all the earth. (Psalm 83:13-18)

Psalm 83, Ezekiel 39, and Psalm 79

The general timeframe of Psalm 83’s fulfillment may be derived by comparing details found in Psalm 83 with details found in other Bible prophecy passages like Psalm 79 and Ezekiel 39. I currently believe Psalm 79 relates to the end time siege of Jerusalem and the inhabitants call for help after much of the city is damaged during the siege.

  • In fact, I wrote a couple of articles which link Psalm 79 with the end time siege of Jerusalem at the following links:

Psalm 79 and Psalm 83 share at least three details in common, which are highlighted in the following table.

A Request for the Lord to Arise to Help the People Under DistressA Request for the Lord to Punish AttackersThe Heathen Do Not Know the Lord But Will Come to Know Him When He Acts
Psa 83:1-2, 17-18: (1) A Song or Psalm of Asaph. Keep not thou silence, O God: hold not thy peace, and be not still, O God. (2) For, lo, thine enemies make a tumult: and they that hate thee have lifted up the head…(17) Let them be confounded and troubled for ever; yea, let them be put to shame, and perish:
(18) That men may know that thou, whose name alone is JEHOVAH, art the most high over all the earth.
Psa 79:1-10: (1) A Psalm of Asaph. O God, the heathen are come into thine inheritance; thy holy temple have they defiled; they have laid Jerusalem on heaps. (2) The dead bodies of thy servants have they given to be meat unto the fowls of the heaven, the flesh of thy saints unto the beasts of the earth. (3) Their blood have they shed like water round about Jerusalem; and there was none to bury them. (4) We are become a reproach to our neighbours, a scorn and derision to them that are round about us. (5) How long, LORD? wilt thou be angry for ever? shall thy jealousy burn like fire? (6) Pour out thy wrath upon the heathen that have not known thee, and upon the kingdoms that have not called upon thy name. (7) For they have devoured Jacob, and laid waste his dwelling place. (8) O remember not against us former iniquities: let thy tender mercies speedily prevent us: for we are brought very low. (9) Help us, O God of our salvation, for the glory of thy name: and deliver us, and purge away our sins, for thy name’s sake. (10) Wherefore should the heathen say, Where is their God? let him be known among the heathen in our sight by the revenging of the blood of thy servants which is shed.

 

The parallels between Psalm 79 and Psalm 83 suggest that the events of Psalm 83 may be fulfilled sometime around the end time siege of Jerusalem, which I believe will likely start in the second half of the seventieth week of Daniel and will conclude near the end or at the end of the seventieth week of Daniel.1 The parallels also suggest that the events described in each chapter may be related.

We may also get an idea of the general timeframe when the events of Psalm 83 will be fulfilled by examining the contrast between Psalm 83:18 and Ezekiel 39:6-7. Psalm 83:18 calls for the Lord to make His name known to men while Ezekiel 39:6-7 indicates that the heathen will gain knowledge of the Lord when He destroys Gog and his forces and sends “fire on Magog and among them that dwell carelessly in the isles”.

(17) Let them be confounded and troubled for ever; yea, let them be put to shame, and perish: (18) That men may know that thou, whose name alone is JEHOVAH, art the most high over all the earth.” (Psa 83:17-18)

(6) And I will send a fire on Magog, and among them that dwell carelessly in the isles: and they shall know that I am the LORD. (7) So will I make my holy name known in the midst of my people Israel; and I will not let them pollute my holy name any more: and the heathen shall know that I am the LORD, the Holy One in Israel.” (Eze 39:6-7)

The people’s realization of who the Lord is when the Lord responds with the destruction of Gog and his forces suggests that the destruction of Gog and his forces will occur after the attack of Psalm 83.

Therefore, the events of Psalm 83 may occur sometime around the end time siege of Jerusalem but before the destruction of Gog and his forces.

  • My suspicion at this time is that the events of Psalm 83 are related to the events surrounding the end time siege of Jerusalem, but that the chapter does not necessarily describe the siege itself. I presently believe that Psalm 83 describes a focused attack on a remnant of Israel hiding in the wilderness (“the hidden ones” in Psalm 83:3) while the end time siege of Jerusalem is focused on those living in the vicinity of Jerusalem, but that both are part of an overall effort to “cut them off from being a nation; that the name of Israel may be no more in remembrance” (Psalm 83:4).

The relationship between Psalm 83 and the destruction of Gog and his forces is less clear when only relying on a comparison between Psalm 83 and Ezekiel 39. The attack of Psalm 83 appears it will come before the destruction of Gog and his forces, but it is unclear how much time will pass between events or whether the attack by Gog and his forces and the attack in Psalm 83 are related. However, we may get a better idea of the relationship between Psalm 83 and Ezekiel 39 by considering the link between Ezekiel 39 and prophecy passages concerning the end time siege of Jerusalem.

Interestingly, some details found in Ezekiel 39 relate to details found in passages concerning the end time siege of Jerusalem, particularly the Lord’s arrival to defeat the forces that lay siege against Jerusalem. Ezekiel 39:21-22 indicates that the Lord will set His glory among the heathen and that the house of Israel will also know that He is the Lord when He judges Gog and his forces.

(21) And I will set my glory among the heathen, and all the heathen shall see my judgment that I have executed, and my hand that I have laid upon them. (22) So the house of Israel shall know that I am the LORD their God from that day and forward. (Ezekiel 39:21-22)

Each of these details can be found in passages concerning the end time siege of Jerusalem.

The Lord Shall Set His Glory Among the Heathen

As was just mentioned, the Lord will set His glory among the heathen when He destroys Gog and his forces according to Ezekiel 39:21. Psalm 102:13-16 and Isaiah 59:16-20 are passages which mention that the Lord will set His glory to the nations and are passages which relate to the rescue of Zion. The parallels between Ezekiel 39:21, Psalm 102:13-16, and Isaiah 59:16-20 are shown in the following table.

  • Zechariah 14:2-3 is also included in the table to further illustrate how Isaiah 59:16-20 is connected to the termination of the end time siege of Jerusalem. Isaiah 59:16-17 describes the Lord preparing for battle while Zechariah 14:3 describes the Lord ready to engage in battle.
The Lord Will FightThe Lord Will Set His Glory to the NationsThe Rescue of Zion
Eze 39:21: And I will set my glory among the heathen, and all the heathen shall see my judgment that I have executed, and my hand that I have laid upon them.
Psa 102:13-16: (13) Thou shalt arise, and have mercy upon Zion: for the time to favour her, yea, the set time, is come. (14) For thy servants take pleasure in her stones, and favour the dust thereof. (15) So the heathen shall fear the name of the LORD, and all the kings of the earth thy glory. (16) When the LORD shall build up Zion, he shall appear in his glory.
Isa 59:16-20: (16) And he saw that there was no man, and wondered that there was no intercessor: therefore his arm brought salvation unto him; and his righteousness, it sustained him. (17) For he put on righteousness as a breastplate, and an helmet of salvation upon his head; and he put on the garments of vengeance for clothing, and was clad with zeal as a cloke. (18) According to their deeds, accordingly he will repay, fury to his adversaries, recompence to his enemies; to the islands he will repay recompence. (19) So shall they fear the name of the LORD from the west, and his glory from the rising of the sun. When the enemy shall come in like a flood, the Spirit of the LORD shall lift up a standard against him. (20) And the Redeemer shall come to Zion, and unto them that turn from transgression in Jacob, saith the LORD.
Zec 14:2-3: (2) For I will gather all nations against Jerusalem to battle; and the city shall be taken, and the houses rifled, and the women ravished; and half of the city shall go forth into captivity, and the residue of the people shall not be cut off from the city. (3) Then shall the LORD go forth, and fight against those nations, as when he fought in the day of battle.

The House of Israel Shall Know the Lord

As was just mentioned, the house of Israel shall know the Lord when He destroys Gog and his forces according to Ezekiel 39:22. This detail implies that the house of Israel will not know the Lord prior to the destruction of Gog and his forces. Isaiah 35:4-5 and Isaiah 42:13-16 indicate that the (spiritual) eyes of the blind will become open when the Lord comes with vengeance while Isaiah 59:16-20 tells us that the Lord will come to recompense His enemies with vengeance when it is time to redeem Zion. The verses are displayed in the following table and the similarities between these verses are highlighted.

  • Yellow: The (spiritual) eyes of the blind will become open
  • Turquoise: The Lord will come with vengeance
The (Spiritual) Eyes of the Blind Will Become OpenThe Lord Will Come with Vengeance
Eze 39:21-22: (21) And I will set my glory among the heathen, and all the heathen shall see my judgment that I have executed, and my hand that I have laid upon them. (22) So the house of Israel shall know that I am the LORD their God from that day and forward.
Isa 35:4-5: (4) Say to them that are of a fearful heart, Be strong, fear not: behold, your God will come with vengeance, even God with a recompence; he will come and save you. (5) Then the eyes of the blind shall be opened, and the ears of the deaf shall be unstopped.
Isa 42:13-16: (13) The LORD shall go forth as a mighty man, he shall stir up jealousy like a man of war: he shall cry, yea, roar; he shall prevail against his enemies. (14) I have long time holden my peace; I have been still, and refrained myself: now will I cry like a travailing woman; I will destroy and devour at once. (15) I will make waste mountains and hills, and dry up all their herbs; and I will make the rivers islands, and I will dry up the pools. (16) And I will bring the blind by a way that they knew not; I will lead them in paths that they have not known: I will make darkness light before them, and crooked things straight. These things will I do unto them, and not forsake them.
Isa 59:16-20: (16) And he saw that there was no man, and wondered that there was no intercessor: therefore his arm brought salvation unto him; and his righteousness, it sustained him. (17) For he put on righteousness as a breastplate, and an helmet of salvation upon his head; and he put on the garments of vengeance for clothing, and was clad with zeal as a cloke. (18) According to their deeds, accordingly he will repay, fury to his adversaries, recompence to his enemies; to the islands he will repay recompence. (19) So shall they fear the name of the LORD from the west, and his glory from the rising of the sun. When the enemy shall come in like a flood, the Spirit of the LORD shall lift up a standard against him. (20) And the Redeemer shall come to Zion, and unto them that turn from transgression in Jacob, saith the LORD.

 

The parallels between Ezekiel 39 and the passages which concern the termination of end time siege of Jerusalem at that the Lord’s coming (like Isaiah 59:16-20) suggests that the destruction of Gog and his forces is connected to the termination of the end time siege of Jerusalem and the Lord’s coming.

The following mini-timeline summarizes the order of events described in this article in chronological order:

Mini Timeline of Events
Event 1: A Large-Scale Effort to Destroy the People of Israel

  • The Psalm 83 attack and the end time siege of Jerusalem appear to be parts of this effort
    • The Psalm 83 attack and the end time siege of Jerusalem will occur around the same timeframe given the parallels between Psalm 83 and Psalm 79.

Event 2: The Destruction of Gog and His Forces

  • The destruction of Gog and his forces will occur around the same time the participants of the end time siege of Jerusalem are destroyed. It appears this event will coincide with the Lord’s coming.

Given this, it is quite possible that the invasion of Gog and his forces will also be part of the effort that already connects the attack of Psalm 83 with the end time siege of Jerusalem. The verses/passages presented above do not directly link the attack of Psalm 83 with the invasion by Gog and his forces, but the connection between the destruction of Gog’s forces and the destruction of the forces participating in the end time siege of Jerusalem suggests the invasion by Gog and his forces will occur near the time of the siege (and thereby the time of the Psalm 83 attack) if it does not coincide with the time of the siege itself (and thereby the time of the Psalm 83 attack).

  • Without going into a lot of detail (since presenting the evidence for this would require me to present a lot more background information than I prefer to at this time), I currently believe the Ezekiel 39 invasion by Gog and his forces is associated with the same effort the Psalm 83 attack and the end time siege of Jerusalem are connected to: the effort to destroy the people of Israel. In addition, I currently believe the attackers of Psalm 83 will be destroyed around the same time as Gog and his forces will be destroyed.

This article was one the more challenging articles that I have written. I do not know how clear I sounded or how convincing the findings I presented are. Please understand that I did not include every detail that I could have presented on the topic(s) in this article. I do not want to present these details just yet because I want to makes sure I am fully comfortable with what I hope to present someday soon. However, once these details are presented I think everything I described in this article will make sense.

 

Show 1 footnote

  1. Another way to see a connection between Psalm 83 and the end time siege of Jerusalem is to compare Joel 3, a chapter concerning the time near the termination of the end time siege of Jerusalem, and Psalm 83. The Philistines and the inhabitants of Tyre from Psalm 83:5-8 are mentioned in Joel 3:4 as the “coasts of Palestine” and Tyre respectively.